Architecture, as a tool to raise awareness to climate change and sea level rise: case of Libyan coastal city of Zuwara


  • Manal Chalgham Okan University, Turkey

    Manal Emhemed Mu Chalgham, Is currently a Graduate student at Okan University, Institute of Sciences, and Department of Architecture. With a thesis topic discussing the relationship between Architecture, and awareness of climate change. Obtained an undergraduate degree in technical engineering and architecture. From the College of Engineering Technology in Zuwara. Home town: Zuwara / Libya. Interested in researching topics of sustainable architecture and urban resilience against climate change.

  • Bahar Başer Kalyoncuoğlu Assist. Prof. Dr. Medipol University

    Bahar Başer Kalyoncuoğlu is a landscape architect and academician. She had the bachelor degree from Department of Landscape Architecture at Istanbul University (1999) and MSc Degree from Landscape Planning Graduate Programme from Department of Urban and Regional Planning at Istanbul Technical University. Her Phd is also from ITU’ Landscape Architecture Programme. Since 2002, she has been giving courses to the Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design Departments, at ITU, Okan University and Medipol University in Istanbul, Turkey.  Recently, she is an Assistant Professor at Istanbul Medipol University, Department of Urban Design and Landscape Architecture and has numerous publications on a variety of research areas such as urban landscape, urban ecology, urban agriculture, cultural landscapes, sustainable landscape planning and landscape architecture education.



climate change, sea level rise, public awareness, Libyan coast, Zuwara city


The effects of climate change are no longer just a possibility we will face in the future. Droughts, wildfires, storms, sea surges, and much more, are climate change-related risks that communities around the world are facing today, coastal communities are particularly under the risk of floods and sea-level rise, but how aware are these communities of these threats? This study sets out to assess social awareness to climate change amongst the residents of the coastal Libyan city of Zuwara, which faces the risk of floods and sea level rise (SLR). The awareness level of the society about the factors of climate change can create significant barrier in front of mitigation and adaptation process. From this point of view, the study suggests that using a tool that publicly understandable and having familiarity with can have a greater impact on the level of awareness. Therefore, it has been focused on the role of architecture as a tool to raise awareness of the risks of climate change. The research methodology relies on a case study with future projections regarding Sea level rise (SLR) under different Representative concentration pathway (RCP), and a social survey designed in three stages: First step is measuring the level of awareness of residents of the city, then in the second attempt to rise it using architecture as an educative tool, and finally re-measuring the level of awareness in order to test the effectiveness of architecture as proposed tool. The questionnaire was distributed online to a sample of 100 people including participants who are of professional backgrounds in architecture and built environment. Statistical analysis of the questionnaire was divided into two stages, first, measuring the level of general awareness of the respondents about their living environment and climate change, then measuring the level of improvement in awareness about climate change during the survey.  The second section of the questionnaire was formulated based on Likert scale, and to test the study’s hypotheses, (T - Test) and Independent Samples Test, were used. Survey results have shown an increase in the degree of awareness between participants when comparing answers before stage two and after, suggesting that using architecture as an educative tool to raise awareness about climate change; is effective.


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How to Cite

Chalgham, M., & Başer Kalyoncuoğlu, B. . (2021). Architecture, as a tool to raise awareness to climate change and sea level rise: case of Libyan coastal city of Zuwara. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 2(1), 120–138.



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