Can basic design be the base of urban planning education?: A case-oriented quantitative measurement model


  • Dalya Hazar İzmir Metropolitan Municipality

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dalya Hazar received her Ph.D. (2018) in City and Regional Planning Department from İzmir Institute of Technology, specializing in rural planning. Between 2019-2022, she worked as a faculty member at Pamukkale University, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of Urban and Regional Planning. She is currently working as an urban planner at İzmir Metropolitan Municipality, İzmir Planning Agency (İZPA), while continuing her studies in urban planning, urban design, urban morphology, rural planning, commons, gender, and local sustainable development.

  • Görkem Gülhan image/svg+xml Pamukkale University

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Görkem Gülhan received his Ph.D. (2014) in Civil Engineering Department from Pamukkale University, specializing in transport planning. His research interests focus on transport master plans, accessibility, and transport planning. Apart from transport, he is interested in urban design, urban sociology, numerical methods in planning. He has publications in many national and international indexes. He is currently working as an associate professor at Pamukkale University, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of Urban and Regional Planning.

  • Bekir İnce image/svg+xml Pamukkale University

    Assist. Prof. Dr. Bekir İnce received his Ph.D (2007) in Art Education Department from Dokuz Eylül University. He has multidisciplinary studies in the context of art education, art criticism teaching, and design culture. He is a member of Denizli Photography Association. He has been conducting photography studies and giving seminars and conferences for many years. Recently, digital platforms, new media and video techniques are among the topics he has been interested in. His photographs took part in many national and international competitive, selective, and invited exhibitions. He is currently working as an assistant professor at Pamukkale University, Faculty of Education, Department of Education and Fine Arts.



Bloom’s Taxonomy, Gestalt Principles, basic design education, urban planning, planning education


The study of design is considered as a scientific activity; however, the integration of urbanism with design thought has remained limited, which can easily be observed in the contemporary urban areas, especially in the developing countries. Thus, increasing design thinking ability and the integration of spatial planning should be a priori within urban planning and design education, and thus be practiced preventing the emergence of chaotic urban spaces. The widespread view is that basic design education increases the planning and design skills of students; therefore, it is offered during the first stage of planning education. Within the scope of the basic design courses, students experience using and transferring the formatting tools such as line, stain, texture, color, volume, light-shadow, abstraction, and perspective effectively. They learn design principles such as suitability, unity, sovereignty, contrast balance, repetition, direction, measure, range, value, motion, and hierarchy. Gestalt visual perception principles adopted by the Bauhaus school of design are often applied in basic design education. The process is completed by providing technical drawing lessons on principles and abstraction parameters. Teaching is a planned process, and objectives are determined through the cognitive-affective and psychomotor learning areas known as Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains. So, is the current education paradigm accurate and measurable? Is it possible to utilize it to improve planning and design education? For this purpose, this study researches the contribution of basic design learning outcomes to the urban planning studios and the relationship between achievement levels of students in relevant courses through knowledge and attitude tests. The research model is a case study, based on the relational analysis of quantitative data, which quantitatively propounded that the relationship between two different teaching processes is linear and positive.


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How to Cite

Hazar , D., Gülhan, G., & İnce, B. (2024). Can basic design be the base of urban planning education?: A case-oriented quantitative measurement model. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 5(1), 50–64.



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