Resilience of hospital in disaster


  • Rümeyza Kazancıoğlu image/svg+xml Bezmiâlem Vakıf Üniversitesi

    Professor Dr. Rümeyza Kazancıoğlu completed her medical education at Istanbul University Faculty of Medicine between 1985 and 1991. She completed her Internal Medicine residency in 1997 and her Nephrology fellowship in 2001 at the same Faculty of Medicine. She received a fellowship from the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and worked at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center Transplantation Center, Nashville, TN, USA, from 2000 to 2001. She was an Assos. Professor of Nephrology between 2003-2010 at Istanbul Haseki Training and Research Hospital where she founded a Nephrology Clinic and served as its president. During his leadership, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis units and a nephrology fellowship program were launched. She become a full Professor at Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine in 2010 and has been serving as the Rector of the University since 2015. She has worked successfully in many disasters, including the Marmara earthquake and the Covid 19 pandemic.

  • Özcan Erdoğan image/svg+xml Bezmiâlem Vakıf Üniversitesi

    Assist. Professor Özcan ERDOĞAN completed his undergraduate education at Gülhane Military Medical Academy Nursing School in 1990 and started working as a Health Lieutenant within the Naval Forces Command. She completed his master's and doctoral education in medical microbiology. Between 1990 and 2014, she worked as a manager nurse, manager and branch manager in Military Hospitals and institutions affiliated with the Turkish Armed Forces, and retired in 2014 with the rank of Senior Colonel. Since 2014, she has been working as a faculty member at Bezmialem Vakıf University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Head of the Department of Disaster Management, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Institute of Health Sciences.



disaster, hospital, resilience, crisis


Disasters and crisis situations are unforeseen events. When a disaster occurs, the most critical step after the intervention at the scene is the health and treatment services provided in hospitals. Since it is of vital importance that hospitals, where health services are provided, are accessible and operational when faced with natural and man-made disasters such as earthquakes, fires, epidemics, CBRN events, wars, and crises such as cyber-attacks, economic problems, hospitals must protect themselves against a disaster hazard and plan what to do during and after the disaster. This review was written to emphasize the importance of hospitals and their resilience in times of crisis and disaster.Hospitals can enhance their resilience by strengthening both their physical and social aspects. It is essential to create resistance in hospitals not against specific dangers such as fire and earthquake, but against all crises that may occur in the system. A hospital must first identify its structural and non-structural risks to enhance its physical resilience. To enhance social resilience, a hospital should plan its organisations and human resources, establish accurate information communication, and engage in logistics and financial planning. It is crucial to guarantee uninterrupted patient care and all supportive services. Measures should be taken for decontamination and evacuation of patients when necessary while also ensuring the overall security of the hospital. As a result, hospital resilience plays a critical role in maintaining healthcare services, effectively managing emergencies, and generally protecting public health. Further studies are needed to strengthen this resistance.


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How to Cite

Kazancıoğlu, R., & Erdoğan, Özcan. (2023). Resilience of hospital in disaster. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 4((Special Issue), 141–151.



Resilience in Crisis