Nature-based Solutions for climate-resilient cities: A proposal of a model for successful implementation


  • Didem Günes Yılmaz image/svg+xml Bursa Technical University

    Dr. Didem Güneş Yılmaz received her Ph.D. (2015) about post-disaster housing reconstruction, in Architecture from the Queen’s University Belfast, UK. Since October 2015, she has been working at Bursa Technical University, in the Department of Architecture. She teaches courses regarding natural disasters, post-earthquake housing reconstruction and planning in the Department. Currently, her research interests include climate change adaptation, flood risk management, water sensitive urban design, smart city design and urban resilience. She also teaches for the Master Degree in Urban Design in the Faculty of Architecture and Design and supervises her postgraduate students. She is a member of various scientific and technical committees of several conferences.



resilient cities, nature based solutions, urban sustainability, urban water, eco-sensitive city


Nature-based Solutions (NbS) were introduced by the IUCN for the first time, but today have different definitions in the literature. NbS are deemed the key to urban sustainability and aim to enhance the built environment through ecological and environmental interventions to support the built environment for future extremes of climate change and related hazards. NbS include blue and green infrastructures, ecological engineering, ecosystem services and ecosystem-based adaptation. Various frameworks defined different key considerations and the literature suggests plenty of frameworks towards successful NbS applications. Current debates critique the extent to which innovative and adaptive the solutions are, whether they are implemented by considering social values and social equity, and the financial burden they often bring which strengthens the disparities between the world cities. Uncontrolled urbanization often causes cities to become an environmental problem. This paper conducts a literature review to lay out the current debates and to highlight the multidimensionality of NbS. It focuses on the potential of NbS in disaster risk reduction and so the paper draws a framework to successfully implement and provide improvements for NbS based on the theoretical ground. NbS are investments in the life quality of the residents and preventive tools in the risk management of cities. The paper attempted to frame the NbS clearer for scholars interested in the subject.


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How to Cite

Yılmaz, D. G. (2023). Nature-based Solutions for climate-resilient cities: A proposal of a model for successful implementation. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 4(2), 189–203.



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